How Do I Enforce my Conditions of Carriage?

Carriers and other bailees should advise their customers of the conditions of carriage or trading that will apply. This advice should be in writing and/or incorporated in writing into the contract prior to it being made.

If conditions are not communicated they will not be valid, unless a Statute such as the Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965 (CMR) imposes them and even then certain formalities have to be performed in the issuing of documentation.

Often carriers and other bailees will communicate their Carriage and Trading Conditions by way of a printed statement in their letter headings, compliment slips and invoices, although conditions printed on a document sent out after conclusion of a contract cannot become part of the contact.